Polyethylene Terephthalate (PET & PETE)

PET is a petroleum-based product that is globally recognized as a safe, lightweight, and flexile material that is also 100% recyclable.PET is an acronym for Polyethylene Terephthalate and it is best known as the clear plastic used for water and soda bottle containers.Both virgin and recycled PET can be used to package just about anything: water and soda bottles, food (including cakes, cut fruit, and salads), cosmetics, razors, and toys are just a few items.

  • Chemical Formula :   (C10H8O4)n
  • Melt Temperature :   260°C (500°F)
  • Properties:
  • 1. Very resistant to moisture
  • 2. Virtually shatterproof (it won’t break like glass packaging)
  • 3. Easily recycled
  • 4. Highly transparent
  • 5. High strength to weight ratio

Technical Data Sheet (TDS)

Main Specification:


I.V. D 1/g 0.80±0.02 ASTM D-2857
H2O CONTENT wt % <0.5 ASTM D-4019
COLOR(b) N/A 0.0±1.0 JIS Z 8722
BULK DENSITY g/m³ 0.9±0.1 N/A

Material Safety Data Sheet (MSDS)

Section 1 - Chemical Product and Company Identification

Product Name: Polyethylene Terephthalate

CAS# : Polyolefin

Generic Name:Organic Resin


Chemical Name:Polyethylene terephthalate polymer

Section 2 - Composition / Information on Ingredients
CAS # Component Percent
25038-59-9 Polyethylene terephthalate polymer (PET) 100
75-07-0 Acetaldehyde* *

Additional Component Information

* May be released when product is heated above 383°C (195°C).

Section 3 - Hazards Identification

Emergency Overview

APPEARANCE AND ODOR: Product form varies: chips, dice noodles or lace.Colors vary: milky white to black; several levels of translucence or luster.

Under normal conditions of use, this product is not expected to create and unusual emergency hazards.

Polyesters can burn if exposed to flame.Molten polymer generates small amounts of volatile degradation products (off-gases), one of which is acetaldehyde.Acetaldehyde vapors form explosive mixtures with air that can spontaneously ignite (auto-ignite) at temperatures above 347C (175C).Combustion products may include compounds of carbon, hydrogen, and oxygen; exact composition depends on conditions of combustion.

In the event of fire, use normal fire fighting procedures to prevent inhalation of smoke and gases.

Potential Health Effects Summary:Nuisance dust hazards are associated with the dry resin.Heating resin above 383C (195C) may cause gas and vapor that are potent irritants.

Inhalation:Irritation of the upper respiratory tract, coughing, and congestion may occur.

Skin:Molten resin will cause thermal burns.

Absorption:Not applicable

Ingestion:Not applicable

Eyes:Temporary irritation (itching) or redness may occur.

Target Organs:Upper respiratory passages, skin, and eyes.

Primary Routes of Entry (Exposure):Respiratory system, skin, and eye.

Section 4 - First Aid Measures

First Aid: Inhalation:Remove to fresh air.Drink water to clear throat, and blow nose to remove dust.

First Aid: Skin:If contact with molten resin occurs the affected area should be flushed with plenty of water.Prompt medical attention is advised for burns.

First Aid: Ingestion:Not applicable

First Aid: Eyes:Flush eyes with large amounts of water for 5-15 minutes.If irritation develops, or persists, seek medical attention.

Section 5 - Fire Fighting Measures

Flash:Not applicable

Method Used:Not applicable

Upper Flammable Limit (UFL):Not applicable

Lower Flammable Limit (LFL):Not applicable

Auto Ignition:Not determined

Flammability Classification::Not determined

Rate of Burning::Not determined

General Fire Hazards:Polyesters can burn if exposed to flame.Molten polymer generates small amounts of volatile degradation products (off-gases), one of which is acetaldehyde.Acetaldehyde vapors form explosive mixtures with air that can spontaneoulsy ignite (auto-ignite) at temperatues above 175C (347C).Combustion products will be comprised of compounds of carbon, hydrogen, and oxygen.The exact composition will depend on the conditions of combustion.

Hazardous Combustion Products: Acetaldehyde, carbon, hydrogen and oxygen.

Extinguishing Media:Class A or Class B fire extinguishers or water fog.

Fire Fighting Equipment/Instructions:Firefighters should wear full-face, self contained breathing apparatus and impervious protective clothing.Firefighters should avoid inhaling any combustion products.

Section 6 - Accidental Release Measures

Containment Procedures:Sweep up small spills and put into an appropriate container.Stepping or walking on resin chips or pellets can cause falls; avoid accumulation on floors and walkways.Pick up large pieces.

Clean-Up Procedures:Wastes are not hazardous as defined by the Resource Conservation and Recovery Act (RCRA; 40 CFR 261).Comply with state and local regulations for disposal of these products.If you are unsure of the regulations, contact your local Public Health Department, or the local office of the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA).

Section 7 - Handling and Storage

Handling Procedures:Customary personal hygiene measures, such as washing hands after working with these products are recommended.

Storage Procedures:No special precautions are required.

Section 8 - Exposure Controls / Personal Protection

Exposure Guidelines:No information available for the product.

A: Component Exposure Limits OSHA:100 ppm TWA; 180 mg/m3 TWA; 150 ppm STEL; 270 mg/m3 STEL;

B: Exposure Limits for Chemicals which may be generated during processing:This material has no components listed.

Personal Protective Equipment-Skin:Leather or cotton gloves should be worn to prevent skin contact and irritation.

Personal Protective Equipment-Eye/Face:Wear safety glasses with side shields.

Personal Protective Equipment-Respiratory:Respiratory protection is not required when using this product.However, exposure to chemical substances may occur as a result of heating this resin.Use a NIOSH-approved full-face respirator to protect against toxic gases.

Ventilation:Local exhaust ventilation should be provided at areas of cutting to remove airborne dust and fibers.General dilution ventilation should be provided as necessary to keep airborne dust and fibers below the applicable exposure limits and guidelines.The need for ventilation systems should be evaluated by a professional industrial hygienist, while the design of specific ventilation systems should be conducted by a professional engineer.

Personal Protective Equipment-General:Loose-fitting, long-sleeved clothing should be worn to protect the skin from irritation.Exposed skin areas should be washed with soap and warm water after handling.

Section 9 - Physical & Chemical Properties

Appearance::Products in form of chips, dice noodles or lace. Colors range from milky white to black; variable translucence or luster .

Physical State:Solid

Vapor Pressure:Not applicable

Boiling Point:Not determined

Solubility (H2O):Nil

Freezing Point:Not applicable

Viscosity:Not applicable


pH:Not applicable

Vapor Density:Not applicable

Melting Point::260C/500C

Specific Gravity::1.33-1.45

Evaporation Rate:Not applicable

Percent Volatile:0

VOC:Not applicable

Section 10 - Chemical Stability & Reactivity Information

Chemical Stability:This is a stable material.This product is not reactive.

Hazardous Decomposition:Combustion products will be comprised of compounds of acetaldehyde, carbon, hydrogen, and oxygen.

Hazardous Polymerization:Will not occur

Section 11 - Toxicological Information

Acute Toxicity:Acetaldehyde can cause irritation to eyes, nose and upper respiratory tract; eye, skin burns; dermatitis; conjunctivitis; cough; central nervous system depressant/depression; delayed pulmonary edema.

A: Component Analysis - LD50/LC50:

Acetaldehyde* (75-07-0):

Inhalation LC50 Rat : 13300 ppm/4H

Inhalation LC50 Rat : 13300 ppm/4H

Oral LD50 Rat : 661 mg/kg

Oral LD50 Mouse : 900 mg/kg

Dermal LD50 Rabbit : 3540 mg/kg

Carcinogenicity:The Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA), National Toxicology Program (NTP), International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC), and American Conference of Governmental Industrial Hygienists (ACGIH) have not classified this product in its entirety as a carcinogen

A: Component Carcinogenicity:

NTP:Suspect Carcinogen (Possible Select Carcinogen)

IARC:Monograph 71, 1999; Supplement 7, 1987; Monograph 36, 1985 (Group 2B (possibly carcinogenic to humans))

Chronic Toxicity:No long-term health hazards are associated withpolyester or polyethylene terephthalate polymer. In animals acetaldehyde has caused: kidney, reproductive, teratogenic effects.The International Agency for research on cancer classified acetaldehyde a Group 2B possible carcinogen.The National Toxicology Program classifies it a suspect carcinogen.The American Conference of Governmental Industrial Hygienists classified acetaldehyde an A3 animal carcinogen.

Section 12 - Ecological Information

Ecotoxicity:No data available for this product.

A: Component Analysis - Ecotoxicity - Aquatic Toxicity:

Section 13 - Disposal Considerations

US EPAWaste Number & Descriptions:applicable

Section 5 - Fire Fighting Measures

Flash:This product is not regulated as a hazardous waste by the U.S.Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) under Resource Conservation and Recovery Act (RCRA) regulations.

A: Component Waste Numbers:

Disposal Instructions:Dispose of waste material according to Local, State, Federal, and Provincial Environmental Regulations.

Section 14 - Transportation Information

US DOT Information:

Shipping Name:This product is not classified a hazardous material for transport.

Section 15 - Regulatory Information

US Federal Regulations:No information on this product as a whole.

A: Component Analysis:This material contains one or more of the following chemicals required to be identified under SARA Section 302 (40 CFR 355 Appendix A), SARA Section 313 (40 CFR 372.65) and/or CERCLA (40 CFR 302.4).

CERCL:final RQ = 1000 pounds (454 kg)

State RegulationsNo information available for the product.

A: Component Analysis - StateThe following components appear on one or more of the following state hazardous substances lists:

Component CAS # CA FL MA MN NJ PA
Acetaldehyde* 75-07-0 YES YES YES YES YES YES

The following statement(s) are provided under the California Safe Drinking Water and Toxic Enforcement Act of 1986 (Proposition 65):

WARNING!This product contains a chemical known to the state of California to cause cancer.

Other Regulatory InformationNo information available for the product.

A: TSCA StatusThis product and its components are listed on the TSCA 8(b) inventory. None of the components listed in this product are listed on the TSCA Export Notification 12(b) list.

B: Component Analysis - Inventory

Polyethylene terephthalate polymer(PET) 25038-59-9 YES YES NO
Acetaldehyde* 75-07-0 YES YES YES

A: Component Analysis - WHMIS IDL:No components are listed in the WHMIS IDL.

Section 16 - Other Information

Other InformationThe information herein is presented in good faith and believed to be accurate as of the effective date given.However, no warranty, expressed or implied, is given.It is the buyer's responsibility to ensure that its activities comply with Federal, State or provincial, and local laws.